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DBMS > H2 vs. MySQL vs. Tarantool

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MySQL vs. Tarantool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used open source RDBMSIn-memory database with an integrated application server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.69
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.55
Rank#138  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.mysql.comwww.tarantool.io
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldev.mysql.com/­docwww.tarantool.io/­en/­doc
DeveloperThomas MuellerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunMail.ru Group
Initial release200519952008
Current release1.4.200, October 20198.0.26, July 20212.4.2, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsFull-featured ANSI SQL support
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Open binary protocol
Supported programming languagesJavaAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infoproprietary syntaxLua, C and SQL stored procedures
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricHash sharding based on virtual buckets
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes, with SQL
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID, read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes, cooperative multitasking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistence
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and roles

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