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DBMS > H2 vs. MySQL vs. RavenDB vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MySQL vs. RavenDB vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used open source RDBMSOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.81
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score1202.85
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score3.89
Rank#90  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#91  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.mysql.comravendb.netvaticle.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldev.mysql.com/­docravendb.net/­docsdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperThomas MuellerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunHibernating RhinosVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release2005199520102016
Current release2.1.210, January 20228.0.30, July 20225.3, November 20212.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageJavaC and C++C#Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language (RQL)no
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesJavaAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infoproprietary syntaxyesno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricShardingSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundleyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
H2MySQLRavenDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
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