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DBMS > H2 vs. MySQL vs. Oracle Rdb

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MySQL vs. Oracle Rdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.72
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score1219.77
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.24
Rank#156  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperThomas MuellerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Initial release200519951984
Current release1.4.200, October 20198.0.26, July 20217.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP Open VMS
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesJavaAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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