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DBMS > H2 vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.06
Rank#49  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score1274.65
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.94
Rank#158  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Score2.84
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.mysql.comwww.nuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperThomas MuellerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release2005199520131994
Current release1.4.200, October 20198.0.18, October 201918.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLno
Triggersyesyesyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtennone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoTemporary tableyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersno
More information provided by the system vendor
H2MySQLNuoDBOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsHorizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosOperational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersDassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsFast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSubscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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