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DBMS > H2 vs. MongoDB vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MongoDB vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.81
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score477.66
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#91  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.mongodb.comvaticle.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperThomas MuellerMongoDB, IncVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release200520092016
Current release2.1.210, January 20226.0.0, July 20222.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
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Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONgRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languagesJavaActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJavaScriptno
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
H2MongoDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
H2MongoDBTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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