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DBMS > H2 vs. MongoDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MongoDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.One of the most popular document storesWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.81
Rank#47  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score401.98
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score124.21
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.mongodb.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperThomas MuellerMongoDB, IncDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release200520092000
Current release1.4.198, February 20194.0.8, March 20193.28.0, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database in minutes.
Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJavaActionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJavaScriptno
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMaster-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
H2MongoDBSQLite
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Market metrics40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
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ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
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Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
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Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
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DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
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Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
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Navicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
H2MongoDBSQLite
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