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DBMS > H2 vs. MongoDB vs. RavenDB vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MongoDB vs. RavenDB vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.72
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score493.55
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.21
Rank#94  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#132  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.mongodb.comravendb.netwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manualravendb.net/­docswww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperThomas MuellerMongoDB, IncHibernating RhinosTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release2005200920101987
Current release1.4.200, October 20195.0, July 20215.2, June 2021Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
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Implementation languageJavaC++C#C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language (RQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSON.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesJavaActionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJavaScriptyesyes
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundlefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
H2MongoDBRavenDBTransbase
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

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More resources
H2MongoDBRavenDBTransbase
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Conferences and events

MongoDB & Google Cloud Developer Summit
Virtual Event, 28 October 2021

MongoDB.Local London
London, 9 November 2021

Finished events

Introduction to MongoDB
Webinar, on demand, 27 July 2021 (finished)

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