DBMS > H2 vs. MonetDB vs. QuestDB
System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MonetDB vs. QuestDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||H2 Xexclude from comparison||MonetDB Xexclude from comparison||QuestDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.||A relational database management system that stores data in columns||A high performance open source SQL database for time series data|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Time Series DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Spatial DBMS||Document store|
|Developer||Thomas Mueller||MonetDB BV||QuestDB Limited|
|Current release||2.1.214, June 2022||Jul2021-SP2, July 2021|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source dual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)||Open Source Mozilla Public License 2.0||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||yes||yes schema-free via InfluxDB Line Protocol|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes SQL 2003 with some extensions||SQL-like query language|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
native C library MAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
InfluxDB Line Protocol (TCP/UDP)
|Supported programming languages||Java||C|
|C PostgreSQL driver|
Rust over HTTP
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Java Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions||yes, in SQL, C, R||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||Sharding via remote tables||horizontal partitioning (by timestamps)|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||With clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database||none Source-replica replication available in experimental status||Configurable consistency for N replicas|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID for single-table writes|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes through memory mapped files|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Relational model with native time series support Column based storage and time partitioned...|
|Competitive advantages||Real-time data ingestion and istant SQL queries for time series High performance...|
|Typical application scenarios||Application metrics Financial market data and algo trading DevOps monitoring Real-time...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Apache 2.0.|
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