DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. ToroDB vs. Valentina Server

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. ToroDB vs. Valentina Server

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparisonValentina Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQLObject-relational database and reports server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.72
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score79.72
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#339  Overall
#49  Document stores
Score0.27
Rank#272  Overall
#126  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.torodb.comwww.valentina-db.net
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docsvalentina-db.com/­docs/­dokuwiki/­v5/­doku.php
DeveloperThomas MuellerMicrosoft8KdataParadigma Software
Initial release2005201020161999
Current release1.4.200, October 2019V125.7.5
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedAll OS with a Java 7 VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_idyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Visual Basic
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsTransact SQLyes
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
H2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureToroDBValentina Server
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

How to find the right Azure SQL SKU for your SQL workloads - Microsoft
30 September 2021, Channel 9

New Microsoft Learn Modules: Azure SQL IoT and Azure Arc-enabled data services - Microsoft
23 September 2021, Channel 9

Cockroach Labs Announces CockroachDB Serverless
19 October 2021, InfoQ.com

That One Easy Trick for SQL Server Performance
28 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

Google Cloud Next: Meeting the enterprise where it lives
18 October 2021, ZDNet

provided by Google News

A Look at Valentina
18 April 2014, SitePoint

MySQL GUI Tools for Windows and Ubuntu/Linux: Top 8 free or open source
7 November 2019, H2S Media

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Support Engineer - Azure SQL Database
Microsoft, Issaquah, WA

SQL DBA Administrator, Remote North America
Ciena, Baltimore, MD

Advisor Azure SQL Database Administrator (DBA)
Gainwell Technologies, Texas

SQL Server Database Developer
Managed Health Care Associates, Florham Park, NJ

SQL Database Administrator
Calportland, Las Vegas, NV

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Present your product here