DB-EnginesExtremeDB: hybrid in-memory and persistent storage based on a true IMDSEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MySQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.95
Rank#50  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score74.79
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1227.86
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.mysql.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperThomas MuellerMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release200520101995
Current release1.4.200, October 2019V128.0.25, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsTransact SQLyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDatadog: Improve MySQL performance by visualizing and identifying errors fast using granular, out-of-the-box dashboards.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
H2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMySQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Query Store Hints in Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
10 June 2021, Channel 9

Disaster Recovery Options for Azure SQL Databases | Data Exposed - Microsoft
25 May 2021, Channel 9

Azure Arc - Bringing The Best Of The Public Cloud To Hybrid And Multi-Cloud Environments
1 June 2021, Forbes

Exploring Azure SQL authentication and access
17 May 2021, TechGenix

provided by Google News

MySQL 101: Installation, care, and feeding on Ubuntu
11 June 2021, Ars Technica

PlanetScale Unveils Distributed MySQL Database Service Based on Vitess
18 May 2021, Datanami

Oracle Unleashes HeatWave on MySQL, Thumps Amazon Redshift & Aurora
27 May 2021, Cloud Wars

Postgres is hot, but developers haven't lost their love for MySQL. Here's why
21 May 2021, TechRepublic

Oracle ups the ante in MySQL competition while others maneuver for market share
25 May 2021, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Engineer
Cigniti Technologies, Lakewood, CO

IT Administrator, Microsoft SQL Database Administrator
Presidio, Inc., Plymouth Meeting, PA

Senior SQL Server DBA
Homecare Homebase, Dallas, TX

SQL Database Administrator
Infosys Limited, San Francisco, CA

SQL DBA
Unified Business Technologies, Washington, DC

PHP & MySQL & HTML/CSS & JS Developers
Retail Ecommerce Ventures, Remote

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Colorado Springs, CO

Retail Workplace Development and Deployment Technician
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Plano, TX

Software Developer – Entry Level
Grant Street Group, Remote

Regional Loss Prevention Manager,
Amazon.com Services LLC, Joliet, IL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here