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DBMS > H2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Netezza vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Netezza vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBM  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceData warehouse and analytics appliance part of IBM PureSystemsAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score19.38
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.ibm.com/­products/­netezzasqrrl.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperThomas MuellerMicrosoftIBMAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release2005201420002012
Current release2.1.210, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux infoincluded in applianceLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Fortran
Java
Lua
Perl
Python
R
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJavaScriptyesno
TriggersyesJavaScriptnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replicationselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)

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More resources
H2Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBMSqrrl
Recent citations in the news

Microsoft fixes cross-account vulns in Azure Database for PostgreSQL service
28 April 2022, The Register

An Introduction and Tutorial for Azure Cosmos DB
25 February 2022, InfoQ.com

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

Integrate Azure and Spring with Spring Cloud Azure
9 May 2022, iProgrammer

Hackers manage to smash Microsoft's Azure Cosmos DB database cluster, reveal poor security practices
12 November 2021, MSPoweruser

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13 January 2022, openPR

IBM Brings Back a Netezza, Attacks Yellowbrick
29 June 2020, Datanami

IBM launches new Netezza appliance, eyes big data
21 June 2011, ZDNet

Financial Service Institutions Embark on Cloud Data Makeover as Legacy Solutions Sunset
18 May 2022, Finextra

IBM to Acquire Netezza for $1.78 Billion
20 September 2010, The Wall Street Journal

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Cashe Forays Into Wealthtech Space With Sqrrl Acquisition | Mint
10 May 2022, Mint

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Startup digest: BharatPe attempts a clean-up; CASHe acquires Sqrrl & The Big Tech Rout: $1.5 trillion gone in
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[The Turning Point] Here’s how CASHe built an AI-based credit lending platform
21 May 2022, YourStory

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