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DBMS > H2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.12
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score39.71
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score83.25
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperThomas MuellerMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release200520142010
Current release1.4.200, October 2019V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJavaScriptTransact SQL
TriggersyesJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
H2Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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Recent citations in the news

ChaosDB: Infosec bods could pull anyone's plaintext Azure Cosmos DB keys at will from Microsoft admin tools
12 November 2021, The Register

Azure Cosmos DB alert: This critical vulnerability puts users at risk
27 August 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Incident Underscores the Need to Closely Watch Cloud Data
30 August 2021, Dark Reading

Microsoft announces several new updates for Azure Cosmos DB - MSPoweruser
25 May 2021, MSPoweruser

Azure Cosmos DB Conf - Microsoft
21 April 2021, Channel 9

provided by Google News

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

Track and Record Data Changes with Change Data Capture (CDC) in Azure SQL - Microsoft
1 July 2021, Channel 9

Cutting your cloud costs with Data Classification - Latest Digital Transformation Trends | Cloud News
6 December 2021, Wire19

provided by Google News

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