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DBMS > H2 vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Relational DBMSMultivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.99
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score9.19
Rank#51  Overall
#8  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#257  Overall
#10  Multivalue DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.marklogic.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servermilvus.io
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.marklogic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-servermilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperThomas MuellerMarkLogic Corp.Microsoft
Initial release2005200119892019
Current release2.1.210, January 20229.0, 2017SQL Server 2019, November 20191.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoSQL92yesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes, with Range Indexesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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