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DBMS > H2 vs. LokiJS vs. MarkLogic vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. LokiJS vs. MarkLogic vs. Milvus

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.In-memory JavaScript DBMSOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Multivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.99
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score0.60
Rank#222  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score9.19
Rank#51  Overall
#8  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score0.38
Rank#257  Overall
#10  Multivalue DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.marklogic.commilvus.io
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmltechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.marklogic.commilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperThomas MuellerMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release2005201420012019
Current release2.1.210, January 20229.0, 20171.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infoSQL92no
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JavaScript APIJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJavaJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsView functions in JavaScriptyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes, with Range Indexesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsno

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More resources
H2LokiJSMarkLogicMilvus
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