DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > H2 vs. LeanXcale vs. LevelDB vs. NuoDB vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. LeanXcale vs. LevelDB vs. NuoDB vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Key-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.06
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#309  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#140  Relational DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#97  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score1.16
Rank#190  Overall
#91  Relational DBMS
Score19.70
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.leanxcale.comgithub.com/­google/­leveldbnuodb.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddoc.nuodb.comvertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperThomas MuellerLeanXcaleGoogleNuoDB, Inc.Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release20052015201120132005
Current release2.1.210, January 20221.23, February 202111.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infolimited edition freecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infothrough Apache DerbynoyesFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languagesJavaC
Java
Scala
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsnoJava, SQLyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersyesnoyesyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMulti-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
H2LeanXcaleLevelDBNuoDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
H2LeanXcaleLevelDBNuoDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
DB-Engines blog posts

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Hackers Use New Ransomware that Encrypts Files & Steals Tokens From Victim’s Machine
21 November 2022, GBHackers

Speedb Goes Open Source With Its Speedb Data Engine, A Drop-in Replacement for RocksDB
9 November 2022, Business Wire

Threat Thursday: BlackGuard Infostealer Rises from Russian Underground Markets
21 April 2022, BlackBerry Blog

What Is TRON (TRX) and Why Is It So Popular? - MUO
7 November 2022, MakeUseOf

Microsoft Teams stores auth tokens as cleartext in Windows, Linux, Macs
14 September 2022, BleepingComputer

provided by Google News

SQL Server Transformation Market Upcoming Trends, Segmented by Type, Application, End-User and Region -Oracle, Microsoft, SAP SE, IBM, Alphabet, Amazon Web Services, Teradata, NuoDB, MemSQL, Actian Corporation – Skegness Siren
26 November 2022, Skegness Siren

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, businesswire.com

NuoDB set to improve distributed SQL performance
7 January 2020, TechTarget

Dassault Systèmes to acquire NuoDB, a Cambridge database startup - Boston Business Journal
25 November 2020, The Business Journals

NuoDB 4.0 improves cloud-native database capabilities
31 July 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Vertica Database to Reward Open Source Developers via New Program
2 November 2022, Datanami

Vertica and KMS Solutions tap into the $90B Data and Analytics Market in APAC
1 November 2022, IT News Online

VAST Data teams up with Vertica to enable real-time queries at scale
19 April 2022, VentureBeat

Cloudian Partners with Vertica to Deliver On-Premises Data Warehouse Platform on S3 Data Lake
28 June 2022, GlobeNewswire

Vertica and Vcinity Bring Faster Access to Intelligent Insights On-Premises and in the Clouds
6 June 2022, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Principal Engineer - Database Internals
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Storage Software Engineer/Researcher, Infrastructure System Lab
ByteDance, Mountain View, CA

PS Technical Consultant IV
NCR, Georgia

Staff Software Engineer / Database Engineer – Aria Operations for Applications - Opportunity for Working Remotely Dallas, TX
VMware, Dallas, TX

Storage Software Engineer/Researcher, Infrastructure System Lab
ByteDance, Seattle, WA

Software Engineer - Remote
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Systems Testing Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Senior Engineering Manager
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Software Architect - SQL Execution, Remote
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Software Engineer SolidWorks - Remote
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Software Test Engineer (entry-level)
Real-Time Technology Solutions, New York, NY

Database Engineer - Vertica
The Trade Desk, Irvine, CA

Database Consultant 5, Req# 16362649 (Vertica DBA)
Ztek Consulting, Remote

Database Administrator
Maxpro, Albany, NY

Systems Software Engineer at Vertica (REMOTE / WORK FROM HOME)
Micro Focus, Cambridge, MA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here