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DBMS > H2 vs. InfluxDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. InfluxDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.DBMS for storing time series, events and metricsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.81
Rank#49  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score19.62
Rank#33  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score483.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.influxdata.com/­time-series-platform/­influxdbwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperThomas MuellerPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200520131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release1.4.199, March 20191.7.8, August 201912.0, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaGoC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data and Stringsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoin enterprise version onlypartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoDepending on used storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple rights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
H2InfluxDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
News

Why I Joined InfluxData
17 October 2019

Starting at InfluxDB – New Job, New Commute
15 October 2019

A Move to the Cloud and Other Highlights from InfluxData’s Third Quarter
14 October 2019

InfluxDB 2.0 Documentation is Now Open Source
14 October 2019

Using InfluxDB Cloud to Monitor GitHub Repos
11 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
H2InfluxDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Why Build a Time Series Data Platform?
20 July 2017, Paul Dix (guest author)

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
4 July 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Time Series DBMS as a new trend?
1 June 2015, Paul Andlinger

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

InfluxData Releases Serverless Time Series Database for Cloud
23 September 2019, ADT Magazine

InfluxData Opens London Office to Meet Demand as Time Series Databases Take off in EMEA
9 October 2019, Yahoo Finance

InfluxData launches InfluxDB Cloud 2.0 – the first serverless time series platform-as-a-service
10 September 2019, Business Wire

An Introduction to InfluxDB
5 August 2019, The Collegian

InfluxData launches new serverless time series cloud database platform, InfluxDB Cloud 2.0
12 September 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL 12 boosts open source database performance
14 October 2019, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 12 Released
14 October 2019, iProgrammer

2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 12
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL turns performance up for v12 release
3 October 2019, DevClass

PostgreSQL puts the pedal to the metal with some smart indexing tweaks in version 12
4 October 2019, The Register

provided by Google News

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