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DBMS > H2 vs. Hypertable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Hypertable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.An open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitewww.h2database.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbsqrrl.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperThomas MuellerHypertable Inc.MicrosoftAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release2005200920142012
Current release2.1.210, January 20220.9.8.11, March 2016
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesJavaC++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsnoJavaScriptno
TriggersyesnoJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseselectable replication factor on file system levelyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)

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H2HypertableMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSqrrl
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