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DBMS > H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.81
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score5.60
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score4.79
Rank#81  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comhsqldb.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.timescale.com
DeveloperThomas MuellerTimescale
Initial release200520012017
Current release2.1.210, January 20222.6.1, October 20212.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJava, SQLuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
H2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosTime-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsWith over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

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More resources
H2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBTimescaleDB
Recent citations in the news

Open-source DBMS becoming battleground of public cloud
17 May 2022, Etnews

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Timescale Releases Third State of PostgreSQL Report
29 July 2022, PR Newswire

Timescale Valuation Rockets to Over $1B with $110M Round, Marking the Explosive Rise of Time-Series Data
22 February 2022, Business Wire

Understanding Hyperfunctions in TimescaleDB
11 August 2021, CDOTrends

Timescale Raises $40M Series B as Cloud Adoption of Its Database Accelerates
5 May 2021, Business Wire

Timescale Announces Support for OpenTelemetry Traces in Promscale
11 October 2021, Business Wire

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