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DBMS > H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. LeanXcale vs. Tarantool vs. Tkrzw

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. LeanXcale vs. Tarantool vs. Tkrzw

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparisonTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesIn-memory database with an integrated application serverA concept of libraries, allowing an application program to store and query key-value pairs in a file. Successor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Key-value storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.12
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score5.04
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#131  Relational DBMS
Score1.65
Rank#134  Overall
#24  Key-value stores
Score0.00
Rank#360  Overall
#58  Key-value stores
Websitewww.h2database.comhsqldb.orgwww.leanxcale.comwww.tarantool.iodbmx.net/­tkrzw
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmlwww.tarantool.io/­en/­doc
DeveloperThomas MuellerLeanXcaleMail.ru GroupMikio Hirabayashi
Initial release20052001201520082020
Current release1.4.200, October 20192.6.1, October 20212.4.2, July 20200.9.3, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infobased on BSD licensecommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesBSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, booleanno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infothrough Apache DerbyFull-featured ANSI SQL supportno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Open binary protocol
Supported programming languagesJavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C
Java
Scala
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
C++
Java
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJava, SQLLua, C and SQL stored proceduresno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneHash sharding based on virtual bucketsnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes, with SQLno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID, read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes, cooperative multitaskingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistenceyes infousing specific database classes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
H2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLeanXcaleTarantoolTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
H2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLeanXcaleTarantoolTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
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