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DBMS > H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. LeanXcale vs. Tarantool vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. LeanXcale vs. Tarantool vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesIn-memory database with an integrated application serverA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Key-value storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.92
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score5.06
Rank#75  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#279  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#128  Relational DBMS
Score1.65
Rank#138  Overall
#25  Key-value stores
Score4.33
Rank#84  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comhsqldb.orgwww.leanxcale.comwww.tarantool.iowww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmlwww.tarantool.io/­en/­docdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperThomas MuellerLeanXcaleMail.ru GroupTimescale
Initial release20052001201520082017
Current release1.4.200, October 20192.6.0, March 20212.4.2, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infobased on BSD licensecommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC and C++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesBSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, booleannumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infothrough Apache DerbyFull-featured ANSI SQL supportyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Open binary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C
Java
Scala
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJava, SQLLua, C and SQL stored proceduresuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneHash sharding based on virtual bucketsyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes, with SQLyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID, read commitedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes, cooperative multitaskingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistenceno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
H2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLeanXcaleTarantoolTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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More resources
H2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLeanXcaleTarantoolTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Data processing speed and reliability: in-memory synchronous replication
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