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DBMS > H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. LeanXcale vs. NuoDB vs. Tarantool

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. LeanXcale vs. NuoDB vs. Tarantool

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsIn-memory database with an integrated application server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.12
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score5.04
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#131  Relational DBMS
Score1.03
Rank#175  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score1.65
Rank#134  Overall
#24  Key-value stores
Websitewww.h2database.comhsqldb.orgwww.leanxcale.comnuodb.comwww.tarantool.io
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldoc.nuodb.comwww.tarantool.io/­en/­doc
DeveloperThomas MuellerLeanXcaleNuoDB, Inc.Mail.ru Group
Initial release20052001201520132008
Current release1.4.200, October 20192.6.1, October 20212.4.2, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infobased on BSD licensecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modeshosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyesyesschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infothrough Apache DerbyyesFull-featured ANSI SQL support
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Open binary protocol
Supported programming languagesJavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C
Java
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJava, SQLJava, SQLLua, C and SQL stored procedures
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenHash sharding based on virtual buckets
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyesyes, with SQL
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACID, read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes infoMVCCyes, cooperative multitasking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes infoTemporary tableyes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistence
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
H2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLeanXcaleNuoDBTarantool
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
H2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBLeanXcaleNuoDBTarantool
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