DBMS > H2 vs. Hive vs. Netezza
System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Hive vs. Netezza
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||H2 Xexclude from comparison||Hive Xexclude from comparison||Netezza Also called PureData System for Analytics by IBM Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.||data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop||Data warehouse and analytics appliance part of IBM PureSystems|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Spatial DBMS|
|Developer||Thomas Mueller||Apache Software Foundation initially developed by Facebook||IBM|
|Current release||2.1.214, June 2022||3.1.3, April 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source dual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)||Open Source Apache Version 2||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM||All OS with a Java VM||Linux included in appliance|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||SQL-like DML and DDL statements||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
|Supported programming languages||Java||C++|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Java Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions||yes user defined functions and integration of map-reduce||yes|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||Sharding||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||With clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database||selectable replication factor||Source-replica replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes query execution via MapReduce||yes|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Eventual Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||no||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||no||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Access rights for users, groups and roles||Users with fine-grained authorization concept|
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|H2||Hive||Netezza Also called PureData System for Analytics by IBM|
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