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DBMS > H2 vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.35
Rank#50  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score69.55
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score118.25
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comhive.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperThomas MuellerApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoft
Initial release200520121992
Current release1.4.200, October 20193.1.2, August 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesJavaC++
Java
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
H2HiveMicrosoft Access
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