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DBMS > H2 vs. Hive vs. HyperSQL

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Hive vs. HyperSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.95
Rank#50  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score79.69
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score4.84
Rank#74  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comhive.apache.orghsqldb.org
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homehsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.html
DeveloperThomas MuellerApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by Facebook
Initial release200520122001
Current release1.4.200, October 20193.1.2, August 20192.6.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infobased on BSD license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modes
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaC++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJava, SQL
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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H2HiveHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB
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