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DBMS > H2 vs. Heroic vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Warp 10

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Heroic vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Warp 10

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonWarp 10  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Time Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerTimeSeries DBMS specialized on timestamped geo data based on LevelDB or HBase
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score5.35
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#291  Overall
#26  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexhsqldb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.warp10.io
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.warp10.io/­content/­02_Getting_started
DeveloperThomas MuellerSpotifyMicrosoftSenX
Initial release20052014200120162015
Current release2.1.210, January 20222.6.1, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infobased on BSD licensecommercialOpen Source infoApache License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modeshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
Jupyter
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesJavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsnoJava, SQLTransact SQLyes infoWarpScript
Triggersyesnoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding infobased on HBase
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyesnoneyesselectable replication factor infobased on HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infobased on HBase
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesMandatory use of cryptographic tokens, containing fine-grained authorizations

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More resources
H2HeroicHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseWarp 10
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