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DBMS > H2 vs. HarperDB vs. SpatiaLite

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. HarperDB vs. SpatiaLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Ultra-low latency distributed database with an intuitive REST API supporting NoSQL and SQL (including joins). Deployment of functions and databases simultaneously with a consolidated node-level architecture.Spatial extension of SQLite
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.13
Rank#49  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score0.55
Rank#248  Overall
#38  Document stores
Score1.60
Rank#149  Overall
#3  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.harperdb.iowww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­index
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.harperdb.io/­docswww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.html
DeveloperThomas MuellerHarperDBAlessandro Furieri
Initial release200520172008
Current release2.2.220, July 20233.1, August 20215.0.0, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infofree community edition availableOpen Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaNode.jsC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
server-less
Data schemeyesdynamic schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON data typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like data manipulation statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
React Hooks
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C
C#
C++
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
MatLab
Objective C
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsCustom Functions infosince release 3.1no
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a clusternone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be definednone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic execution of specific operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, using LMDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno

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More resources
H2HarperDBSpatiaLite
DB-Engines blog posts

Spatial database management systems
6 April 2021, Matthias Gelbmann

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