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DBMS > H2 vs. HarperDB vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. HarperDB vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Ultra-low latency distributed database with an intuitive REST API supporting NoSQL and SQL (including joins). Deployment of functions and databases simultaneously with a consolidated node-level architecture.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.06
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score0.59
Rank#251  Overall
#39  Document stores
Score477.90
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.h2database.comharperdb.iowww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlharperdb.io/­developers/­documentation/­overviewdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperThomas MuellerHarperDBMongoDB, Inc
Initial release200520172009
Current release2.1.210, January 20223.1, August 20216.0.1, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infofree community edition availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languageJavaNode.jsC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesdynamic schemaschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON data typesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like data manipulation statementsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
React Hooks
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
WebSocket
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C
C#
C++
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
MatLab
Objective C
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Swift
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsCustom Functions infosince release 3.1JavaScript
Triggersyesnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a clusterSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be definedMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic execution of specific operationsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, using LMDByes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
H2HarperDBMongoDB
Specific characteristicsHarperDB is the first distributed database with hybrid SQL & NoSQL functionality...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy combining the functionality of the best SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL products on the...
» more
Typical application scenariosUse cases where HarperDB is a better fit than other solutions include: Rapid app...
» more
Key customersA few highlighted customers include: US Army, US Airforce, Chelan PUD, TATA, & Lumen....
» more
Market metricsOver 94K total HarperDB users : 16,500+ npm downloads 73,600+ on Docker Hub 4,200+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHarperDB follows a freemium/premium model . A data base is only as powerful as it...
» more

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More resources
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