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DBMS > H2 vs. HarperDB vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. HarperDB vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Ultra-low latency distributed database with an intuitive REST API supporting NoSQL and SQL (including joins). Deployment of functions and databases simultaneously with a consolidated node-level architecture.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.46
Rank#53  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.56
Rank#267  Overall
#39  Document stores
Score96.81
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comharperdb.iomariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlharperdb.io/­developers/­documentation/­overviewmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperThomas MuellerHarperDBMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release200520172009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 1995
Current release2.1.210, January 20223.1, August 202110.9.4, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infofree community edition availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageJavaNode.jsC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeyesdynamic schemayes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON data typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like data manipulation statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
React Hooks
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C
C#
C++
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
MatLab
Objective C
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsCustom Functions infosince release 3.1yes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a clusterseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be definedMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic execution of specific operationsACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, using LMDByes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
H2HarperDBMariaDB
Specific characteristicsHarperDB is the first distributed database with hybrid SQL & NoSQL functionality...
» more
MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy combining the functionality of the best SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL products on the...
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosUse cases where HarperDB is a better fit than other solutions include: Rapid app...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersA few highlighted customers include: US Army, US Airforce, Chelan PUD, TATA, & Lumen....
» more
Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsOver 94K total HarperDB users : 16,500+ npm downloads 73,600+ on Docker Hub 4,200+...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHarperDB follows a freemium/premium model . A data base is only as powerful as it...
» more

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More resources
H2HarperDBMariaDB
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