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DBMS > H2 vs. HBase vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. HBase vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.56
Rank#50  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score41.66
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score0.13
Rank#345  Overall
#48  Document stores
Websitewww.h2database.comhbase.apache.orggithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhbase.apache.orgxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperThomas MuellerApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetJuxt Ltd.
Initial release200520082019
Current release2.1.210, January 20222.3.4, January 20211.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaClojure
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnolimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infoCoprocessors in Javano
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC

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More resources
H2HBaseXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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