DBMS > H2 vs. H2GIS vs. PostgreSQL vs. TinkerGraph
System Properties Comparison H2 vs. H2GIS vs. PostgreSQL vs. TinkerGraph
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||H2 Xexclude from comparison||H2GIS Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||TinkerGraph Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.||Spatial extension of H2||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||A lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Spatial DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Graph DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Spatial DBMS||Relational DBMS||Document store|
|Developer||Thomas Mueller||CNRS||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer|
|Initial release||2005||2013||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2009|
|Current release||1.4.200, October 2019||14.0, September 2021|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source dual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)||Open Source LGPL 3.0||Open Source BSD||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no||no|
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|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|no||no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes||yes standard with numerous extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||Java||Java||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Java Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions||yes based on H2||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||none||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||With clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database||yes based on H2||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||none|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||none|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes||yes Relationships in graphs|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)||yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)||yes||no|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes||optional|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes based on H2||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||no|
More information provided by the system vendor
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