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DBMS > H2 vs. H2GIS vs. Impala vs. Realm vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. H2GIS vs. Impala vs. Realm vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonH2GIS  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Spatial extension of H2Analytic DBMS for HadoopA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.99
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score0.04
Rank#324  Overall
#4  Spatial DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score9.59
Rank#49  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.12
Rank#306  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comwww.h2gis.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlrealm.iotinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlwww.h2gis.org/­docs/­homedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperThomas MuellerCNRSClouderaRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release20052013201320142009
Current release2.0.204, December 20214.0.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoLGPL 3.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinuxAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJavaJavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infobased on H2yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersyesyesnoyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infobased on H2selectable replication factornonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnoyes infoIn-Memory realmyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infobased on H2Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
H2H2GISImpalaRealmTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
H2H2GISImpalaRealmTinkerGraph
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