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DBMS > GridDB vs. Neo4j vs. RRDtool vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison GridDB vs. Neo4j vs. RRDtool vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionScalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSGraph DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.34
Rank#147  Overall
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score57.63
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.44
Rank#112  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score3.72
Rank#89  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitegriddb.netneo4j.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.griddb.netneo4j.com/­docsoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­docdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperToshiba CorporationNeo4j, Inc.Tobias OetikerTimescale
Initial release2013200719992017
Current release4.6, February 20214.3.3, August 20211.7.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSSOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# availableC
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesNumeric data onlynumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)nonoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsProprietary protocolBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
in-process shared library
Pipes
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlernoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j Fabricnoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynoneSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID at container levelACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GridDBNeo4jRRDtoolTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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