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DBMS > Greenplum vs. Spark SQL vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. Spark SQL vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.37
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score18.96
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score1.83
Rank#139  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websitegreenplum.orgspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release200520142017
Current release7.0.0, September 20233.5.0 ( 2.13), September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageScalaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2nono
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Java
Python
R
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access control

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More resources
GreenplumSpark SQLTigerGraph
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