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DBMS > Greenplum vs. Snowflake vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. Snowflake vs. Teradata Aster

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.37
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score121.33
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitegreenplum.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.Teradata
Initial release200520142005
Current release7.0.0, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemsLinuxhostedLinux
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2yesyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsR packages
Triggersyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
GreenplumSnowflakeTeradata Aster
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

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