DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Greenplum vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. Nebula Graph vs. Neo4j

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.36
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#169  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score60.14
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitegreenplum.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
neo4j.com
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.nebula-graph.ioneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.Vesoft Inc.Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release200520192007
Current release6.7.1, April 20204.4.6, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemaschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2no
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocolCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
GreenplumNebula GraphNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j: Graphs4Good, GraphQL, Game of Life, Information Extraction, Cypher Map Projection, and More
14 May 2022

Graphs for Cybersecurity: Cyberthreats, Vulnerabilities, and Risk
12 May 2022

GraphConnect 2022: Make the Most of Austin, Texas
11 May 2022

Please Welcome Chandra Rangan, Neo4j’s Chief Marketing Officer!
10 May 2022

This Week in Neo4j: Graph Embeddings, OSS Vulnerabilities, Supply Chain Stack, Star Wars Graph, Chatbot MD, and More!
7 May 2022

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GreenplumNebula GraphNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Capitalizing on Analytics and AI at Dell Technologies
8 April 2021, CIO

Pivotal Greenplum Analytic Database Adds Multicloud Support
18 September 2017, SDxCentral

Mature MADlib Moves Up Apache Development Chain
10 October 2017, Datanami

Has the time finally come for PostgreSQL?
20 April 2018, ZDNet

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Nebula Graph Takes Another Step to Lead Global Graph Database Market With the Release of V3.0.0
18 February 2022, MarTech Series

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

Nebula Graph is now available from VEsoft
29 June 2020, KMWorld Magazine

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

provided by Google News

Neo4j Appoints Chief Marketing Officer
10 May 2022, PR Newswire

Neo4j Introduces Graph Data Science-as-a-Service | Transforming Data with Intelligence
18 April 2022, TDWI

One on One: with Neo4j A/NZ general manager Peter Philipp
13 May 2022, ARNnet

We are in India not just for revenue, but also for our partners, community and use cases: Rahul Tenglikar, Neo4j
22 April 2022, Analytics India Magazine

Neo4j claims to secure massive growth in APAC region - CRN - India
25 April 2022, CRN.in

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Member of Technical Staff – Greenplum Database Internals/Server - Opportunity for Working Remotely New York, NY
VMware, New York, NY

Member of Technical Staff - Query Processing - Tanzu Greenplum Database - Opportunity for Working Remotely Miami, FL
VMware, Miami, FL

Member of Technical Staff - Query Processing - Tanzu Greenplum Database - Opportunity for Working Remotely New York, NY
VMware, New York, NY

Member of Technical Staff - Query Processing - Tanzu Greenplum Database - Opportunity for Working Remotely Washington, D.C.
VMware, Washington, DC

Member of Technical Staff – Greenplum Database Internals/Server - Opportunity for Working Remotely Atlanta, GA
VMware, Atlanta, GA

Community Evangelist
VESOFT Company Limited, California City, CA

Customer Support Engineer - Aura
Neo4j, Boston, MA

Architect: Contact Center
Avis Budget Group, Parsippany, NJ

Customer Support Engineer (Remote)
Neo4j, New York, NY

Data Analyst
McKinsey & Company, Waltham, MA

Data Scientist (remote)
LinQuest Corporation, Beavercreek, OH

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here