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DBMS > Greenplum vs. MySQL vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. MySQL vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Widely used open source RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.85
Rank#45  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score1212.47
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score4.81
Rank#81  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#13  Key-value stores
Websitegreenplum.orgwww.mysql.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgdev.mysql.com/­docwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release200519952010
Current release6.7.1, April 20208.0.30, July 20223.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, Javascript
TriggersyesyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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