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DBMS > Greenplum vs. MongoDB vs. RDF4J vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. MongoDB vs. RDF4J vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.A key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRDF storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.07
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score493.55
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score0.66
Rank#214  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score0.02
Rank#341  Overall
#53  Key-value stores
Websitegreenplum.orgwww.mongodb.comrdf4j.orggithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.mongodb.com/­manualrdf4j.org/­documentationgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.MongoDB, IncSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Terark
Initial release2005200920042016
Current release6.7.1, April 20205.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infoRDF Schemasschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2no
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONJava API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Java
PHP
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptyesno
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.nonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesnono
More information provided by the system vendor
GreenplumMongoDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameTerarkDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
GreenplumMongoDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameTerarkDB
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

MongoDB & Google Cloud Developer Summit
Virtual Event, 28 October 2021

MongoDB.Local London
London, 9 November 2021

Finished events

Introduction to MongoDB
Webinar, on demand, 27 July 2021 (finished)

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