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DBMS > Greenplum vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. mSQL vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. mSQL vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.29
Rank#46  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score912.51
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.58
Rank#156  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score4.42
Rank#89  Overall
#17  Document stores
#15  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Websitegreenplum.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverhughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.MicrosoftHughes TechnologiesOracle
Initial release2005198919942011
Current release6.7.1, April 2020SQL Server 2019, November 20194.4, October 202122.2, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CJava
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesyesyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanono
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionnoneElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
GreenplumMicrosoft SQL ServermSQL infoMini SQLOracle NoSQL
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