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DBMS > Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. openGauss

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. openGauss

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonopenGauss  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with high-performance, high-availability and high-performance originally developed by Huawei
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.20
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score23.95
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.17
Rank#186  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Websitegreenplum.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsgitee.com/­opengauss
opengauss.org
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.opengauss.org/­en
gitee.com/­opengauss/­docs
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.MicrosoftHuawei and openGauss community
Initial release200520162019
Current release7.0.0, September 20233.0, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C, C++, Java
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedLinux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesANSI SQL 2011
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C#
Java
PHP
C
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLyes
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard

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More resources
GreenplumMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseopenGauss
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