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DBMS > Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. OrientDB vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. OrientDB vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. TempoIQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Low-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structuresScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.36
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score5.14
Rank#79  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitegreenplum.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsorientdb.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.htmltempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.MicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSybase, SAPTempoIQ
Initial release20052016201019932012
Current release6.7.1, April 20203.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like query language, no joinsyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Delphi
Perl
PHP
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLJava, Javascriptyesno
TriggersyesnoHooksyesyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes inforelationship in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configuredno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple authentication-based access control

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More resources
GreenplumMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseOrientDBSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADSTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
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