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DBMS > Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Postgres-XL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Postgres-XL vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Fully managed big data interactive analytics platformBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.69
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score2.81
Rank#87  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score0.46
Rank#214  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Score1.88
Rank#110  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websitepivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplumazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationgpdb.docs.pivotal.iodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.MicrosoftOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release200520192014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1998
Current release6.7.1, April 2020cloud service with continuous releases10 R1, October 201811 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedLinux
macOS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2yesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ruser defined functionsPL/SQL
Triggersyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GreenplumMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPostgres-XLTimesTen
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
The world's first commercial In-Memory Relational Database offering (launched in...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
TimesTen offers many advantages over competing products: Mature product with nearly...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
TimesTen can be used in a wide range of application areas. Some examples include:...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Some of our key customers include Ericsson , Telcordia , China Mobile, China Telecom,...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
TimesTen is used by thousands of customers in tens of thousands of deployments worldwide...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsStandard Oracle licence models ; end user and ISV/OEM licence terms available.
» more

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More resources
GreenplumMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPostgres-XLTimesTen
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