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DBMS > Greenplum vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.48
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score84.44
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1321.26
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitepivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplummariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationgpdb.docs.pivotal.iomariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle
Initial release200520091980
Current release5.10.0, July 201810.4.6, June 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3PL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GreenplumMariaDBOracle
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GreenplumMariaDBOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

Oracle OpenWorld 2019
San Francisco, California, USA, 16-19 September 2019

Recent citations in the news

Greenplum 6 ventures outside the analytic box
19 March 2019, ZDNet

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For MariaDB, it’s time to put the pieces together
27 February 2019, ZDNet

MariaDB unifies its platform
16 January 2019, ZDNet

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Oracle SA bets on Autonomous Database
23 July 2019, ITWeb

2 Ways Oracle’s Autonomous Database Just Got More Useful
27 June 2019, Forbes

Oracle launches Autonomous Database Dedicated for enterprise customers
26 June 2019, VentureBeat

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Atos expands strategic partnership with Google Cloud to enable Oracle database customers to benefit from Google Cloud Platform
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