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DBMS > Greenplum vs. Hive vs. Impala

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. Hive vs. Impala

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopAnalytic DBMS for Hadoop
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.07
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score84.74
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitegreenplum.orghive.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.html
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orgcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookCloudera
Initial release200520122013
Current release6.7.1, April 20203.1.2, August 20193.4.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
C++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationselectable replication factorselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos

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More resources
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