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DBMS > GraphDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. Virtuoso vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. Virtuoso vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphsHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.27
Rank#110  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score51.00
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score1.50
Rank#136  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score2.88
Rank#99  Overall
#19  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#50  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Score0.87
Rank#180  Overall
#92  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ontotext.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.stardog.comdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuosodocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperOntotextSAPStardog-UnionOpenLink SoftwareYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20002010201019982017
Current release9.6, February 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20207.3.0, May 202008.03.3316, March 20202.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no infoalso available as a cloud based servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaCC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
depending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleyesno
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLXyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilitySQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infoVirtuoso PLyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handlersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyesnoneyesHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Based on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes inforelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.yesAccess rights for users and rolesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yes
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSAP HANAStardogVirtuosoYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together four must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSAP HANAStardogVirtuosoYugabyteDB
Conferences and events

Data Virtualization with GraphDB
Webinar, 4pm GMT / 5pm CEST / 6pm EET / 10am EST / 7am PST, 4 February 2021 (finished)

Generate Value from Your Knowledge Graph in Days
11am EST | 4pm GMT | 5pm CET, 4 March 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

Johnson Controls Selects Ontotext's GraphDB for the New Version of Metasys Building Automation System
18 November 2020, PRNewswire

eccenca and Ontotext Partner to Advance Enterprise Data Management
3 February 2021, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

SAP S/4 Hana, Here We Come – Or Not
1 March 2021, e3zine.com

Is SAP Outdated?
5 March 2021, e3zine.com

ISG to Release Report on Innovative SAP Service Partners Helping Enterprises Maximize Benefits of SAP S4/HANA
18 February 2021, Business Wire

Advertorial: Accompanying SAP Customers Into The New World As Enablers
17 February 2021, e3zine.com

Unvired Digital Enterprise Platform 5.0 Achieves SAP® Certified Integration with SAP S/4HANA®
4 March 2021, WFMZ Allentown

provided by Google News

Yugabyte announces $48M investment as cloud-native database makes enterprise push
3 March 2021, TechCrunch

Open-source relational database startup Yugabyte raises $48M
4 March 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Yugabyte raises $48M to build out distributed SQL database
4 March 2021, TechTarget

Yugabyte Hardens Security in Latest Platform Release
12 February 2021, Database Trends and Applications

news digest: BluBracket community edition, Kong raises $100 million for cloud connectivity, and Yugabyte DB 2.4 released - SD Times
10 February 2021, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

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