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DBMS > GraphDB vs. RDF4J vs. Spark SQL vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. RDF4J vs. Spark SQL vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
RDF storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.18
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.42
Rank#219  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Score17.15
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score0.79
Rank#169  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comrdf4j.orgspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.rdf4j.orgspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Apache Software FoundationStardog-Union
Initial release2000200420142010
Current release8.8, January 20192.4.5, February 20206.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoRDF Schemasyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesnoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyesnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationnonenoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usednoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesnonoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSpark SQLStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
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Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
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Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
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Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Ontotext Knowledge Graph Platform: The Modern Way of Building Smart Enterprise Applications
19 March 2020

How Pharma Companies Can Scale Up Their Knowledge Discovery with Semantic Similarity Search 
6 March 2020

Crafting a Knowledge Graph: The Semantic Data Modeling Way
20 February 2020

How Computer Vision Technology Can Bring Smart Surveillance to Retail    
6 February 2020

Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSpark SQLStardog
Conferences and events

GraphDB 9.1: Knowledge Graphs with Data Provenance
Webinar, 2 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PR Newswire UK

provided by Google News

Why Is Databricks Gaining Traction?
18 March 2020, Analytics India Magazine

Alluxio Unveils Structured Data Service, Enabling Structured Data Applications to Interact Up to 5x Faster with Data
11 March 2020, Yahoo Finance

Complete 2020 Python Programming Certification Bundle Is Up For A Massive Discount For A Few Days – Avail Now
24 March 2020, Wccftech

GridGain Experts Share In-Memory Computing Strategies, Offer Practical Advice at Industry Events Around the World
2 March 2020, GlobeNewswire

Data Science vs. Machine Learning: Top 10 Differences
16 March 2020, Toolbox

provided by Google News

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