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DBMS > GraphDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.75
Rank#118  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score629.41
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.62
Rank#73  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.ontotext.comwww.postgresql.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.timescale.com
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperOntotextPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTimescale
Initial release20001989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2017
Current release10.4, October 202316.2, February 20242.13.0, November 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
Implementation languageJavaCC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMPostgreSQLTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsOntotext GraphDB is a semantic database engine that allows organizations to build...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customers​ GraphDB provides a platform for building next-generation AI and Knowledge Graph...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB Free is a non-commercial version and is free to use. GraphDB Enterprise edition...
» more
News

Enhancing Knowledge Discovery: Implementing Retrieval Augmented Generation with Ontotext Technologies
21 February 2024

GraphDB Cluster Deployment Strategies
21 February 2024

Common English Entity Linking: Linking Text to Knowledge Quickly and Efficiently
16 February 2024

Why You’re Not Ready for Knowledge Graphs!
14 February 2024

Data Mesh 101: How Data Mesh Helps Organizations Be Data-Driven and Achieve Velocity
12 February 2024

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMPostgreSQLTimescaleDB
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Recent citations in the news

Ontotext Releases GraphDB 10.6: Enhancing Data Management and User Experience
20 February 2024, AiThority

Ontotext's GraphDB Solution is Now Available on the Microsoft Azure Marketplace
16 January 2024, PR Newswire

Ontotext GraphDB is available on Azure, delivers rich knowledge graph experience
23 January 2024, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext Unveils GraphDB 10.4 with Enhanced AWS Integration and ChatGPT Connector
24 October 2023, Datanami

Ontotext Releases GraphDB 10.6: Enhancing Data Management and User Experience
20 February 2024, ShareCast

provided by Google News

Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL-Compatible Edition now supports PostgreSQL major version 16
31 January 2024, AWS Blog

Blog Theme - Details
14 November 2023, blogs.oracle.com

Generally Available: Support for Cross Region Restore for PostgreSQL backups | Azure updates
31 January 2024, Microsoft

VMware and Google Cloud Announce Planned PostgreSQL-Compatible Database Solution for Traditional and ...
7 November 2023, VMware News

OCI Database: Oracle Embraces PostgreSQL
7 December 2023, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

TimescaleDB Is a Vector Database Now, Too
25 September 2023, Datanami

Timescale Launches Dynamic PostgreSQL, the Cost-Effective Alternative to Serverless and Peak-Allocation Pay Models
6 November 2023, PR Newswire

Visualizing IoT Data at Scale With Hopara and TimescaleDB
16 May 2023, Embedded Computing Design

Timescale Introduces Dynamic PostgreSQL, an Alternative to Serverless Databases
19 November 2023, InfoQ.com

Power IoT and time-series workloads with TimescaleDB for Azure Database for PostgreSQL
18 March 2019, Microsoft

provided by Google News



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