DBMS > GraphDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Tibero
System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Tibero
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
|GraphDB former name: OWLIM Xexclude from comparison
|PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison
|Tibero Xexclude from comparison
|Enterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.
|Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
|A secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
|Primary database model
|Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
|Secondary database models
Graph DBMS with Apache Age
Vector DBMS with pgvector extension
|Social network pages
|PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer
|1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
|10.4, October 2023
|16.2, February 2024
|6, April 2015
|License Commercial or Open Source
|commercial Some plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourced
|Open Source BSD
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service
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|Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
|C and Assembler
|Server operating systems
|All OS with a Java VM
|schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapes
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.
|yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
|yes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexes
|SQL Support of SQL
|stored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBC
|yes standard with numerous extensions
|APIs and other access methods
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
native C library
streaming API for large objects
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures
|user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
|Persistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes
|partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
|horizontal partitioning by range, hash, list or composite
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes
|Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system
|Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
|Foreign keys Referential integrity
|yes Constraint checking
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data
|Durability Support for making data persistent
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.
|no planned for next version
|User concepts Access control
|Default Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.
|fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
|fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)
|More information provided by the system vendor
|GraphDB former name: OWLIM
|Ontotext GraphDB is a semantic database engine that allows organizations to build...
|GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
|Typical application scenarios
|Metadata enrichment and management, linked data publishing, semantic inferencing...
| GraphDB provides a platform for building next-generation AI and Knowledge Graph...
|GraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
|Licensing and pricing models
|GraphDB Free is a non-commercial version and is free to use. GraphDB Enterprise edition...
Why You’re Not Ready for Knowledge Graphs!
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|GraphDB former name: OWLIM
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