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DBMS > GraphDB vs. OrientDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. OrientDB vs. TigerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.87
Rank#98  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score3.07
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Document stores
#6  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score1.59
Rank#145  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.ontotext.comorientdb.orgwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.tigergraph.com
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperOntotextOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release200020102017
Current release10.4, October 20233.2.29, March 2024
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query language, no joinsSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityJava, Javascriptyes
TriggersnoHooksno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes inforelationship in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOrientDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsOntotext GraphDB is a semantic database engine that allows organizations to build...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customers​ GraphDB provides a platform for building next-generation AI and Knowledge Graph...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB Free is a non-commercial version and is free to use. GraphDB Enterprise edition...
» more
News

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19 July 2024

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12 July 2024

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Riding the Databricks Wave with Hybrid Knowledge Graphs
6 June 2024

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOrientDBTigerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Ontotext’s GraphDB Solution Now Available on the Microsoft Azure Marketplace
17 January 2024, Datanami

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24 October 2023, Datanami

Ontotext's GraphDB Solution Now Available in the AWS Marketplace
9 October 2023, PR Newswire

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
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22 October 2023, Solutions Review

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21 January 2022, Open Source For You

Comparing Graph Databases II. Part 2: ArangoDB, OrientDB, and… | by Sam Bell
20 September 2019, Towards Data Science

ArangoDB raises $10 million for NoSQL database management
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TigerGraph Unveils CoPilot, Version 4.0, and New CEO
30 April 2024, Datanami

TigerGraph unveils GenAI assistant, introduces new CEO
30 April 2024, TechTarget

How TigerGraph CoPilot enables graph-augmented AI
30 April 2024, InfoWorld

TigerGraph Bolsters DB for Enterprise Graph Workloads
1 November 2023, Datanami

TigerGraph Releases New Benchmark Report – First Time a Graph Database Tested at this Scale
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