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DBMS > GraphDB vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. OrientDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.44
Rank#109  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score4.16
Rank#81  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score130.20
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ontotext.comorientdb.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperOntotextOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release200020102000
Current release9.8, June 20213.1.9, February 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)server-less
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query language, no joinsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityJava, Javascriptno
TriggersnoHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOrientDBSQLite
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOrientDBSQLite
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Conferences and events

Analyzing unstructured data with GraphDB 9.8
Webinar, 8am PDT / 11am EDT / 5pm CEST, 24 June 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

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GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
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Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
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GraphDB 9.8 Brings Text Mining and Kafka Connectivity
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25 July 2021, Jumbo News

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Graph Database Market May See Big Move | IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j – Murphy's Hockey Law
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Graph Database Market Size Analysis And Opportunities During 2021 To 2027| OrientDB, DataStax, ArangoDB GmbH.
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