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DBMS > GraphDB vs. OrientDB vs. Realm vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. OrientDB vs. Realm vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Document storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.61
Rank#109  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score4.24
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score9.51
Rank#50  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score128.65
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.70
Rank#135  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.ontotext.comorientdb.orgrealm.iowww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlrealm.io/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperOntotextOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Dwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release20002010201420002010
Current release9.8, June 20213.1.9, February 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 20217.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaCJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yesyes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query language, no joinsnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityJava, Javascriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessarynouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersnoHooksyes infoChange Listenersyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replicationnonenoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes inforelationship in graphsnoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-Memory realmyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurableyesnoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOrientDBRealmSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMOrientDBRealmSQLiteStardog
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